Pontederia cordata, commonly known as Pickerelweed, is a perennial aquatic plant belonging to the Pontederiaceae family. This plant is native to North and South America and is often found in wetlands, marshes, ponds, and along the edges of slow-moving streams and rivers. It has an attractive appearance, and vibrant flowers, and has a role in providing habitat and sustenance for various aquatic organisms.
The leaves of Pickerelweed are heart-shaped or arrowhead-shaped, with prominent veins. They are typically green and can vary in size, growing up to 30cm or more in length.
The most striking feature of Pontederia cordata is its spike-like inflorescence that emerges from the water. The flowers are blue to violet. These flowers are rich in nectar and attract a variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.
As an aquatic plant, Pickerelweed thrives in shallow water or muddy areas. It often forms dense colonies, providing habitat and protection for aquatic animals like fish, frogs, and insects. Its extensive root system helps stabilize the soil and prevent erosion along water bodies. Pontederia cordata plays a vital role in aquatic ecosystems. It serves as food for waterfowl and other herbivorous animals, and its dense growth provides cover and breeding sites for various aquatic organisms. Additionally, its submerged portions offer refuge for young fish and amphibians.
Name: Pontederia Cordata
Approx. Height and spread: 100-150CM x 50-100CM
Soil Ph: All
Moisture: Poorly drained soil.
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