Carpinus betulus, commonly known as European Hornbeam, is a deciduous tree with distinctive, serrated, and ovate leaves, which turn a rich, vibrant green during the spring and summer and adopt beautiful shades of yellow and brown in the autumn.
The European Hornbeam features hard, smooth, grey bark and its striking, compact, and symmetrical shape. This makes it a popular choice for ornamental landscaping in Irish gardens and parks. It typically reaches a height of 15 to 20 meters, making it a medium-sized tree that’s well-suited to the Irish climate.
One of the notable features of Carpinus betulus is its characteristic catkins, which appear in spring and add a touch of elegance to the tree’s appearance. These catkins are a valuable food source for local wildlife, including birds and insects.
The European Hornbeam is well-adapted to Ireland’s climate and soil conditions, making it a resilient and attractive choice for both urban and rural settings. Its ability to tolerate a variety of soil types, along with its beautiful foliage and distinctive appearance, make it a sought-after tree for landscaping and conservation efforts throughout the Emerald Isle.
Name: Carpinus betulus
Approx. Height and spread: +12m x +8m
Position: Full sun – part shade
Soil Ph: All
Moisture: Well drained. Moist, but well drained.
Hardiness: Fully Hardy
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